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Not to be confused with Giorgio De Stefano.
Giorgio de Stefani
Giorgio de Stefani and Wilmer Allison.jpg
Giorgio de Stefani (left) and Wilmer Allison (right) during the 1930 International Lawn Tennis Challenge Inter-Zonal Zone final. They hold the record for the most match points saved in a match.
Country  Italy
Born February 24, 1904
Verona, Italy
Died October 22, 1992(1992-10-22) (aged 88)
Rome, Italy
Turned pro 1920 (amateur tour)[1]
Plays Ambidextrous (forehand both sides)
Singles
Career titles 85[2]
Highest ranking No. 6 (1934, Literary Digest)[3]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open QF (1935)
French Open F (1932)
Wimbledon 4R (1933)
Doubles
Career titles 54[2]
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open QF (1935)
French Open QF (1934)[4]
Wimbledon 3R (1935,[5]1937)
Mixed Doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open 2R (1935)
French Open 3R (1932)
Last updated on: October 18, 2012.

Giorgio de Stefani (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒordʒo de ˈʃtɛfani]; February 24, 1904 – October 22, 1992) was an ambidextrous tennis player competing for Italy. In 1934, he was ranked World No. 6 by The Literary Digest and No. 9 by A Wallis Myers.[3][6] In 1932 he was the second best Italian player, and after the retirement of Umberto de Morpurgo he was the top Italian player from 1933 to 1936 and in 1938. He was active before World War II, winning 85 singles titles. Apart from being Italian champion, he was the Argentine, Dutch, Libyan and Swiss champion as well. After his tennis career he was elected to the International Olympic Committee and was also the head of the Italian and the International Tennis Federation on several occasions.

Early life[edit]

Giorgio de Stefani was born in Verona in 1904, son of a Minister of Government.[7] He learned tennis from his mother on the courts of their family house at Lake Garda.[2] He started his amateur career by competing in and winning the Montreux tournament in 1920 at the age of 15.[2] During his student years he won the world university championships in Darmstadt where he defeated Fritz Kuhlmann without losing a set.[8] Although he and Emanuelle Sertorio lost the doubles final to the German student team of Kuhlmann-H. Uthmoller in five sets.[8] Next year he drafted into the inter-college tennis challenge of Villa d'Este in 1931 featuring the joint Harvard-Yale team against the Italian student players where he won one singles match against Robert Ryan and lost one singles against Bill Breese and two doubles.[9] The Americans defeated the Italians nine rubbers to five.[9] At the age of 22 he debuted in the Davis Cup as a reserve player.[2]

Tennis career[edit]

1926–1931

It took him several years to repeat his first feat when in 1926 he won the tournament Parc des Eaux Vives in Genève against Swiss champion Charles Aeschlimann.[10] In 1929 he was a finalist at L.T.C. Beaulieu losing to Italian Umberto De Morpurgo in four sets.[11] At Cannes he beat Benny Berthet of France for his first riviera title.[12] He also won the Bordighera championships against Béla von Kehrling but the Hungarian took revenge in the doubles final.[13] In 1930 he faced and lost to Bill Tilden several times most notably in the Nice final.[14] and in the earlier rounds of the Italian Internationals.[15] They also met in the semifinals of the Italian doubles championships Tilden played with Coen, while Stefani chose Count Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten but Tilden's team prevailed in the end.[16] In Cannes they faced each other two times in a row and Tilden prevailed both times for the Lawn Tennis Club Cannes and New Courts de Cannes titles[9][17] At his the third consecutive Cannes final de Stefani beat Hermann von Artens for the Carlton L. T. C title.[9] In 1931 he became Libyan Champion by beating fellow countryman Alberto Del Bono in the Tripoli final and won the doubles title partnering with him. They'd also won the Campionato Partenopeo doubles title.[18] In September he claimed his second Montreux trophy.[19]

1932–1937

In 1932 he reached the semifinals of the Pacific Southwest Tournament as the honorary member of the Italian Olympic team.[1] In doubles he and Ellsworth Vines fell to Gene Mako and Takeo Kubawara in the final.[20] The same year he won the doubles title at the Italian Internationals partnering Pat Hughes.[21] and also won the Cannes L.T.C. doubles title.[22] He was a contender for the Cannes singles title as well but the match against Ignacy Tłoczyński remained unplayed, although their follow up match for the cup of the Nizza L.T.C was finished with De Stefani victorious.[22] All these achievements earned him the second spot on the top Italian tennis players' list.[22] In 1933 he was a challenger for another Montreux title but finished second against Gottfried von Cramm but [23] did win the doubles trophy against the German duo Cramm-Lund.[24] The following years he clinched and defended successfully the upcoming Dutch Championships four consecutive times, first in 1933,[25] then in 1934,[25] 1935[26] and 1936.[27] In 1934 he was the finalist for both singles and doubles at the Italian Internationals losing both times to Davis Cup teammate Giovanni Palmieri.[28] and he also reached the same result in the Monte Carlo Championships.[29] In 1935 he was crowned Argentine champion after clinching the International tournament in Buenos Aires.[30] In 1937 he was a runner-up for the Cairo International Championships only losing to Henner Henkel in straight sets.[31]

Overall

He represented his country in the Italy Davis Cup team in 1927 and kept being drafted until the outbreak of World War II. In the Cup he compiled a 44/22 (66%) winning record. His most successful year was in the 1930 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, where they reached the Inter-Zonal Zone round of the tournament.[2] In that final match against the United States Davis Cup team he and Wilmer Allison set and still hold the record for the most match points saved in a match with De Stefani losing after failing to convert 18 match balls.[32]

He was the top Italian player five times from 1933 to 1936 and in 1938.[33] He was No. 8 in Europe in 1931 according to the Züricher Sport newspaper[34] and reached the same rank in 1935 on the list of Heinrich Kleinschroth, a former German champion and Davis Cup player.[35]

De Stefani finished runner-up to Henri Cochet in the singles final of the Amateur French Championships of Roland-Garros in 1932.[36]

During his 30-year career he won 150 tournaments including the Italian national championships in singles, doubles and mixed doubles.[37]

Rivalry with Fred Perry[edit]

British Fred Perry and De Stefani met several times in their careers. Their first meeting was in the 1931 French Championships fourth round, where Stefani overcame Perry in four sets.[38] In their 1932 Pacific Southwest Tournament semifinals rematch Perry equalized their tally and went on to face Jiro Satoh for the title.[39] In their third encounter in the 1933 International Lawn Tennis Challenge where Great Britain defeated Italy with Stefani winning the only rubber of that quarterfinal.[40] Their most controversial match came in the 1934 French Championships quarterfinal where Stefani led two sets to one with Perry leading in the fourth to force a deciding set, when the Briton fell awkwardly while running to the net and hurt his ankle.[4] Subsequently Perry tried fix the match with Stefani. He wanted to lose as a noble thus offering his Italian opponent "an honourable victory" if they avoid long, wide rallies that would damage his ankle more.[41] According to Perry it was Stefani who rushed to help him up when this happened. Subsequently Stefani turned and took the fourth and final set,[41] but Perry recalled it as a gentleman affair, where Stefani stuck to their plan all the time.[42] Right after the match Perry collapsed and had to be carried to the dressing room where the doctors diagnosed him with a spained ankle.[4] Although Perry swore to take revenge on him the next time they play again.[41][43] Thus in return, on their next match-up in the quarterfinal of the Australian Championships in Melbourne Perry crushed the Italian, ruining his best oversees result and giving him the biggest loss of his life with a score of 6-0, 6-0, 6-0.[41][43] He also stopped him in the doubles contest quarterfinals as well with a straight sets victory.[44] Perry stated later that "That determination was part of my character".[41] Three years later The Glasgow Herald described their relationship as Stefani being the hoodoo to Perry's career.[45] Perry eventually went on to become world number one in 1934 [46] and turned professional in 1936,[47] while de Stefani got more and more involved in sports diplomacy.

Hiatus during the second World War[edit]

After the outbreak of the war tennis tournaments and sport in general were neglected.[1] As an attempt to reorganize the Italian sports life count Alberto Bonacossa[1] offered him the position of Regent of the Presidential Committee of tennis, which Stefani accepted and held in 1943, however as Italy's war involvement escalated, it forced him to leave his office.[48] He fled from Rome and joined the Italian resistance movement of Breuil-Cervinia.[1] He surrendered to General Harold Alexander with the aid of the partisans, who helped him to make contact with the English forces.[1] He was transferred to the Montreux internment camp thereafter.[1] Fortunately the Mayor of Montreux heard news about his presence and pleaded for him to be released to a hospital.[1]

Sports diplomat career[edit]

8th President of the Federazione Italiana Tennis.[49]
In office
1958–1969
Preceded by Aldo Tolusso
Succeeded by Luigi Orsini
President of the International Tennis Federation.[50]
In office
1955–1956
Preceded by Russell Kingman
Succeeded by Roy Youdale
In office
1962–1963
Preceded by Roy Youdale
Succeeded by Eaton Griffith
In office
1967–1969
Preceded by Paulo da Silva Costa
Succeeded by B A Barnett
Personal details
Spouse(s) Maria Carolina di Marchesi Spinola
Relations Alberto De Stefani (uncle)
Children Emanuele de Stefani (22 December 1958).[51]
Alma mater University of Rome
Profession Lawyer
Religion Catholic
Signature

De Stefani later became a sports official, was invited and elected in August 1951 on the International Olympic Committee (IOC).[1][52] In 1966 he initiated the reintroduction of tennis at the Summer Olympics at the IOC meeting in Melbourne and eventually succeeded when eleven votes had been discarded. The President of the IOC, oppositional Avery Brundage protested to the outcome and demanded a new voting process due to fabricated technical errors made in the previous one. In the end the initiative was rejected and tennis was only readmitted to the Olympics in 1988.[53] The next year when he was the president of the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) in the debate on the status of Open tennis tournaments, especially accepting Wimbledon as an official Open Grand Slam he sided with the ban of the said tournament threatening the Lawn Tennis Association of getting expelled from the Federation and having its championships cancelled.[54] The next year he opposed to allow professionals to enter into the Davis Cup competitions.[55] Allegedly he even convinced Italian number one Nicola Pietrangeli with financial means to devote himself exclusively to amateur tennis and never turn professional.[56] He was also an abolitionist for the challenge round in Davis Cup and the choice of field by the finalists but failed to succeed in these issues.[7]

He served as chairman of the ILTF in 1955 and 1956, 1962 and 1963, and from 1967 to 1969, and also as president of the Italian Tennis Federation, where he stayed from 1958 to 1969.[52]

Playing style[edit]

Giorgio de Stefani was an ambidextrous player, which allowed him to switch his racquet from one hand to another to always return a forehand shot.[57] As a result he didn't have a backhand stroke.[2] It was very difficult to predict and even players failed to recognize the trick for multiple sets. He could also benefit from this ability in serves when he was able to change the serve direction.[57] He asked for a permission to use two racquets in his matches, until it was officially banned in 1931 by the ILTF.[58] Although when playing golf his preferred shot was with his right hand[59] as well as while serving.[42] In one of his articles written to the The Sydney Morning Herald Fred Perry described Stefani as a "freak player" and his style as unorthodox and that he lacks the beauty of shot execution of those as Bunny Austin and Jack Crawford.[59] He further described his service and his volleying as weak, his physique as medium and his condition well enough to be able to run around a whole match. Thanks to his ambidextrous nature he possessed good passing shot skills. His forehands were solid but they lacked pace although his right hand was somewhat more accurate. Stefani was a hard court specialist accommodated to hot weather.[42]

Personal life[edit]

Apart from playing amateur tennis he was a devoted mountain-climber[1] and occasional golfer.[59] He served his voluntary military service in 1930.[34] His uncle was the politician Alberto De Stefani, who was the Minister of Finance, but was removed by Benito Mussolini due to their ideological differences.[1] Giorgio was awarded the title Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy for his sports achievements.[60] He graduated at the University of Rome earning a doctorate in law.[60] In 1956 he married Maria Carolina di Marchesi Spinola.[61] His first child died.[62] In his retirement years he received the "Atleti Azzuri" Trophy for his sports merits.[2]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 1 (0-1)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1932 French Championships Clay (Red) France Henri Cochet 0–6, 4–6, 6–4, 3–6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Donato Martucci (September–October 1990). "Giorgio de Stefani, the guardian" (PDF). Olympic Review (Los Angeles, United States: LA84 Foundation) (275-276): 450–452. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Donato Martucci (February 1990). "Giorgio or Olympic loyalty" (PDF). Olympic Review (Los Angeles, United States: LA84 Foundation) (268): 86–87. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b J. Brooks Fenno, Jr. (October 20, 1934). "Ten at the Top in Tennis". The Literary Digest (New York City, United States: Funk & Wagnalls): 36. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Perry beaten". The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia: The Herald and Weekly Times) 76 (23,601): 10. May 31, 1934. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ Arthur Shakespeare, ed. (3 July 1935). "Crawford to Meet Perry in Semi Final at Wimbledon". The Canberra Times (Canberra, Australia: Federal Capital Press of Australia) 9 (2,435): 1. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  6. ^ "First tennis ten". The Evening Post (Wellington, New Zealand: Blundell Bros Limited) 108 (65): 9. September 14, 1934. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Enos Mantoani; Mario Pescante (July 19, 2012). "Tennista e gentiluomo" [Tennis player and a Gentleman]. review of "Giorgio de' Stefani: il gentleman con la racchetta" by Francesca Paoletti, ISBN 8890170719 (in Italian). Bologna, Italy: Monrif Net. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Béla Kehrling, ed. (August 30, 1930). "tennis and golf" (pdf). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Bethlen Gábor Irod. és Nyomdai RT) II (16): 309, 322. Retrieved November 30, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d Béla Kehrling, ed. (October 1, 1931). "Magyarország tenniszbajnokságai" [Hungarian Championships] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf. III (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Egyesült Kő-, Könyvnyomda, Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt). 18–19: 3–9. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Tennis" (png). Journal de Genève (in French) (Genève, Switzerland: Le Temps) 97 (237): 4. 30 August 1926. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Tennis sur la Cote D'Azur" [Tennis at the Cote D'Azur]. Le Petit Niçois (in French) (Nice, France: City of Nice) 50 (55): 3. February 24, 1929. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Italian Tennis Champion Beat Berthet In Final, 12-10, 9-7, 2-6, 6-0.". The New York Times (New York, United States: Ochs-Sulzberger family). January 1929. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  13. ^ Andrea Torre, ed. (March 17, 1929). "De Stefani vittorioso a Bordighera" [De Stefani victorious in Bordighera]. La Stampa (in Italian) (Turin, Italy: FIAT) 63 (66): 4. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Tilden Gains Final at Nice, Beats De Stefani, 6-0, 6-4, 6-2". The New York Times (New York, United States: Ochs-Sulzberger family). 1930. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Tilden Beats De Stefani; Advances in Italian Championship --Brugnon Conquers Coen.". The New York Times (New York, United States: Ochs-Sulzberger family). May 1930. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Winners in Milan play". Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City, United States: Salt Lake Tribune Publishing Company): 16. May 4, 1930. ISSN 0746-3502. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Tilden wins two Cannes". Evening Independent (St. Petersburg, Florida, United States: Willis B. Powell): 12. March 24, 1930. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  18. ^ Béla Kehrling, ed. (May 15, 1931). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Egyesült Kő-, Könyvnyomda. Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt.) III (10): 22–23. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  19. ^ Béla Kehrling, ed. (November 1, 1931). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf. III (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Egyesült Kő-, Könyvnyomda. Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt.) 20: 16–17. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Play at Los Angeles". The Brisbane Courier (Brisbane, Australia: The Herald and Weekly Times) 87 (23,288): 6. 19 September 1932. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Tenis" [Tennis]. La Vanguardia (in Spanish) (Barcelona, Spain: Carlos Godó Valls): 16. May 3, 1932. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c Béla Kehrling, ed. (1932). Tennisz és Golf (PDF). IV (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Kő-, Könyvnyomda, Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt) 3: 41 http://epa.oszk.hu/02100/02127/00057/pdf/EPA02127_tennis_es_golf_1932_4_003.pdf |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  23. ^ J. Von Straten, ed. (September 26, 1933). Utrechts Nieuwsblad (in Dutch) (Utrecht, Netherlands: J.G. Goedhart) 41 (126) http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:dUc6_aPWUocJ:www.hetutrechtsarchief.nl/collectie/kranten/un/1933/0926+&cd=15&hl=en&ct=clnk |archiveurl= missing title (help). Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  24. ^ Alexander Heldring, ed. (September 25, 1933). "Toernooi te Territet" [Territet tournament] (pdf). Algemeen Handelsblad (in Dutch) (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Daniel Johannes von Balluseck) 106 (34,708): 16. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b Alexander Heldring, ed. (July 15, 1934). "Artens en De Stefani in den eindstrijd" [Artens and De Stefani in the final] (pdf). Algemeen Handelsblad (in Dutch) (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Daniel Johannes von Balluseck) 107 (34996): 2. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Dutch Championships". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Australia: The Herald and Weekly Times) (586): 14. July 16, 1935. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  27. ^ Reuter (July 13, 1936). "Kho Sin Kie Beaten in Dutch final". The Straits Times (Singapore, Straits Settlements: Straits Times Press): 14. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  28. ^ De Lang, ed. (May 15, 1934). Het Vaderland (pdf) (in Dutch) (Beetsterzwaag, Netherlands: C.M. Schilt) http://resources2.kb.nl/010015000/pdf/DDD_010015356.pdf |url= missing title (help). Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  29. ^ Filippo Melzi d'Eril (May 10, 1937). "1934 - De Stefani sfida Perry" [1934 - De Stefani challenges Perry]. tennisitaliano.it (in Italian). Pero, Italy: Edisport. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  30. ^ Kay Stammers; WM. Lyon Phelps; Paul Kearney (May 1939). Tennis - Ambassador of sports (Evanston, Illinois, United States: Rotary International) 54 (5): 13. ISSN 0035-838X http://books.google.com/books?id=e0EEAAAAMBAJ |url= missing title (help). Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Cairo tennis finals". The Evening Post (Wellington, New Zealand: Blundell Bros Limited) 123 (69): 22. 23 March 1937. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  32. ^ "On this day". espn.co.uk. Bristol, Connecticut, United States: ESPN EMEA Ltd. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  33. ^ "i più grandi - Giorgio de Stefani" [The greatest - Giorgio de Stefani]. federtennis.it (in Italian). Rome, Italy: Federazione Italiana Tennis (Italian Tennis Federation). Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  34. ^ a b Béla Kehrling, ed. (October 1, 1931). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf. III (in Hungarian) (Budapest, Hungary: Egyesült Kő-, Könyvnyomda, Könyv- és Lapkiadó Rt). 18–19: 377. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Een Europeesche ranglijst" [a European ranking list] (pdf). Leeuwarder Nieuwsblad (in Dutch) (Leeuwarden, Netherlands) (8,259). November 14, 1935. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Roland-Garros 1932 (Grand Slam) - Men's singles". fft.fr. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  37. ^ "Giorgio de 'Stefani". medagliedoro.org (in Italian). Rome, Italy: AMOVA.org. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Roland-Garros 1931 (Grand Slam) - Men singles" (pdf). fft.fr. Paris, France: Fédération Française de Tennis. 2006. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Satoh vs Perry For Coast Title". San Mateo Times (San Mateo County, California, United States: Amphlett Publishing): 8. September 24, 1932. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  40. ^ Daviscup.com. "Tie Details". London, Great Britain: International Tennis Federation. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  41. ^ a b c d e John Roberts (3 February 1995). "obituaries : Fred Perry". In Charles Wilson. The Independent (London, United Kingdom: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  42. ^ a b c F. J. Perry (December 14, 1935). "De Stefani ; gentleman player". The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, Australia: John Fairfax and Sons) 104 (30,249): 10. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  43. ^ a b John Lindsay (June 28, 2007). "On-court decorum to return". ScrippsNews (Cincinnati, Ohio, United States: Scripps Howard News Service). Retrieved October 14, 2012. 
  44. ^ "1935 Men's Doubles". australianopen.com. Melbourne, Australia: Tennis Australia. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  45. ^ Robert Bruce, ed. (May 10, 1938). "Lawn tennis world". The Glasgow Herald (Glasgow, United Kingdom: George Outram) 156 (111): 17. Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  46. ^ John Grasso (2011). Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Lanham, Maryland United States: Scarecrow Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780810872370. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Perry Turns Tennis Professional". The Mail (Adelaide, Australia: News Limited) 25 (1,270): 1. September 26, 1936. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  48. ^ "La storia della FIT" [History of the Italian Tennis Federation]. ficr.it (in Italian). Rome, Italy: Federazione Italiana Cronometristi. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  49. ^ "I presidenti" [Presidents]. federtennis.it (in Italian). Rome, Italy: Federazione Italiana Tennis (Italian Tennis Federation). Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Presidents" (pdf). maltatennisfederation.com. Valletta, Malta: Malta Tennis Federation. pp. 78–79. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Giorgio de Stefani". geneall.net. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  52. ^ a b "i più grandi - Giorgio de Stefani". federtennis.it. Retrieved July 3, 2009. 
  53. ^ Gianni Clerici; Vincent Martucci; Alberto Giorno (July 16, 2012). "Wimbledon, sull'erba di Roger stavolta si gioca per una medaglia (Clerici), Errani regina di Palermo. E' il quarto torneo (Martucci), La Errani vince a Palermo e centra un poker storico (Giorni)" [Wimbledon is played on grass, it's Roger's time for a medal, Errani queen of Palermo, her fourth tournament, Errani wins in Palermo and hits a poker history]. book by Gianni Clerici (in Italian). Bologna, Italy: Monrif Net. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  54. ^ AP (October 6, 1967). "British group plan gamble in Wimbledon". Spokane Daily Chronicle (Spokane, Washington, United States: Cowles Publishing Company) 82 (14): 54. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  55. ^ Tony Kennedy (June 27, 1967). "Feeling against pros. for cup". In Graham Perkin. The Age (Melbourne, Australia: Ranald Macdonald) 114: 17. ISSN 0312-6307. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  56. ^ Paul Fein (2003). Tennis Confidential: Today's Greatest Players, Matches, and Controversies. Dulles, Virginia, United States: Potomac Books. p. 236. ISBN 9781574885262. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  57. ^ a b "Red" McDonald (July 24, 1937). "Just between us". St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, Florida, United States: Paul Poynter) 53 (364): 6. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  58. ^ Floyd Conner (2002). "Balls and racquets". Tennis's Most Wanted™: The Top 10 Book of Baseline Blunders, Clay Court Wonders, and Lucky Lobs. Dulles, Virginia, United States: Potomac Books. ISBN 9781612340456. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  59. ^ a b c F. J. Perry (January 14, 1935). "Freak players". The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, Australia: John Fairfax and Sons) 104 (30,274): 8. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  60. ^ a b "De Stefani And Menzel In Adelaide". The Advertiser (Adelaide, Australia: The Herald and Weekly Times) 77 (23,773): 5. 18 December 1934. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  61. ^ "The Olympic Family" (PDF). Bulletin du Comité International Olympique (Olympic Review) (Los Angeles, United States: LA84 Foundation) (56): 50. October 1956. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  62. ^ Allen Guttmann (1984). "Apostle of amateurism". The Games Must Go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic Movement. Dulles, Virginia, United States: Columbia University Press. p. 112. ISBN 9780231054447. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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