Christian Boussus (5 March 1908 ‚Äď August 2003) was a left-handed French tennis player who found success in the 1920s and 1930s.
Tennis career [ edit ]
He started playing amateur tennis in the late 1920s by entering one of his first tournaments at the age of 17 in the 1926 edition of The French Covered Courts tournament in doubles, which he won by teaming up with French veteran
Ren√© Lacoste. He was the runner-up at the [7 ] Pacific South-west Championship in 1928 (lost to fellow Frenchman [8 ] Henri Cochet) although he won the mixed title trophy alongside American Anne Harper. The same year he won his first outdoor doubles title in [9 ] D√ľsseldorf pairing Davis Cup teammate Jean Borotra. He won his first singles championships in 1929. [10 ] He was on the victorious French team at the [11 ] Davis Cup four times, in 1929, 1930, 1931, and 1932, although he never played. [1 ] The members of the team became known as the " [12 ] Four Musketeers" and Boussus was the "Fifth Musketeer". He finally got his chance to play at the Davis cup in 1934, when the Four Musketeers had retired. During [13 ] World War II in 1941 in Vichy France he won the unofficial French Open doubles title partnering Bernard Destremau, a feat that is unrecognized by the ITF. The same year he starred in a movie called "L'Appel du stade". [14 ] After the war he became the captain of the [15 ] French Davis Cup Team between 1949‚Äď1952 and vice-captain from 1953. [16 ] In the very first year of his leadership France reached the final of the [17 ] 1949 Davis Cup for the first time in 15 years. In club level team competitions he represented Racing Club de France of Paris. [18 ]
Boussus was defeated in the finals of the 1931
French Open by Jean Borotra. In 1932, he and Marcel Bernard were defeated in the doubles finals of the French Open by Henri Cochet and Jacques Brugnon. He played twice the Australian Championships, in 1928 and 1935, and won the mixed doubles that year, his only Grand Slam title. He competed in the French Open nineteen times between 1927 and 1953, which is the third most appearances in history right after [4 ] Fabrice Santoro (20) and Francois Jauffret (20). Boussus also twice won the [19 ] German championships in Hamburg and the British Hard Court Championships on one occasion. He was ranked number one French tennis player four times in a row in the consecutive years of 1934, [7 ] 1935, [20 ] 1936 [2 ] and 1937. [21 ] [22 ]
Boussus was ranked World No. 9 in 1930 and 1935 by
A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph, and the European No. 6 in 1931 (the latter by "Z√ľricher Sport" newspaper). [3 ] [5 ] [23 ]
Playing style [ edit ]
At the peak of his career in 1932 his play was observed by
Great Britain's then active Davis Cup player Nigel Sharpe who described him as the greatest French left-hander in the following manner: "He relies upon an all-round game with volleying as his forte. There is nothing of hurricane speed in his game. He takes the ball on the rise and hist his forehand with an easy swing and without much topspin. He gets good pace in this stroke and usually relies upon it as the forerunner of a volleying campaign[...]His backhand is of the cut variety but although putting so much slice on it he does not let it stop him from hitting it pretty hard. This stroke, of course, has its limitations, as it is distinctly difficult to make good passing shots against an agile volleyer. This wing is Boussus' chief weakness[...] (he) is able to make his volley down the line with great speed[..]but does not use his wrist quite so much". He further analysed his service game and found it be most unorthodox. Boussus completely omitted to swing his racquet behind his head while serving making his serves rather ineffective. Although this style was useful in overhead smashes when accuracy is more important than the speed. With this type of serve he also put a great spin to the ball and kept it relatively low. Later in his career he adapted to baseline play and utilized a series of dropshots in his games. [7 ] [24 ]
Personal life [ edit ]
In his student ages he studied advertising.
His 1930 season was interrupted because he had to fulfill his [25 ] military service. While playing amateur tennis he worked as a tire salesman in the mean time. [7 ] Later he was appointed the Director of Communications for [25 ] IBM France. Apart from his tennis playing style he is known as the first man to wear shorts instead of pants on court. [13 ] [26 ] He was in a civil partnership with French parfume designer [27 ] Germaine Cellier with whom he lived together for 30 years until she died in 1976. He died at the age of 95, the last surviving Musketeer. [28 ] He had a brother Roland, also amateur tennis player, with whom he won the doubles title of the [13 ] Le Touquet Spa Championships in 1937, while also winning the singles and mixed contest as well. [29 ]
Grand Slam finals [ edit ]
Singles [ edit ] Finals
Doubles [ edit ] Finals
Mixed doubles [ edit ] Titles
References [ edit ]
^ a b Alexis Br√©zet, ed. (20 August 2003). "Disparition de Christian Boussus" [Christian Boussus is gone]. (Paris, France: Le Figaro Dassault Group). ISSN¬† 0182-5852 . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ a b c d "Net Matches opens here tomorrow". ( Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Pittsburgh, United States: Paul Block) 9 (33): 12. 7 September 1935. ISSN¬† 1068-624X . Retrieved 16 September 2012.
^ a b "Big Bill Tilden is Second Only to Henri Cochet", The Montreal Gazette, 27 November 1930.
^ a b "Tennis in France". ( Evening Post Wellington, New Zealand: Blundell Bros Limited) 113 (126): 10. 30 May 1932 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ a b B√©la Kehrling, ed. (1 October 1931). "K√ľlf√∂ldi h√≠rek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz √©s Golf. III (in Hungarian) ( Budapest, Hungary: Egyes√ľlt KŇĎ-, K√∂nyvnyomda, K√∂nyv- √©s Lapkiad√≥ Rt). 18‚Äď19: 377 . Retrieved 25 January 2012. B√©la Kehrling, ed. (10 July 1929). "Wimbledon, 1929" (PDF). Tennisz √©s Golf. I (in Hungarian) ( Budapest, Hungary: Bethlen G√°bor √≠rod. √©s Nyomdai R.-T) 5: 118 . Retrieved 14 September 2012.
^ "Budge's title; Convincing victory; Straight sets" (PDF). ( The Argus Melbourne, Australia: Argus Office) (28,661): 16. 2 July 1938 . Retrieved 14 September 2012.
^ a b c d Nigel Sharpe (20 March 1932). "Boussus ‚Äď France's great left-hander". (Singapore, The Straits Times Straits Settlements: Straits Times Press) (14): 3 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ "International Tennis". ( Evening Post Wellington, New Zealand: Blundell Bros Limited) 106 (75): 5. 8 October 1928 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ "Frenchmen victors". ( Evening Post Wellington, New Zealand: Blundell Bros Limited) 106 (75): 9. 9 October 1928 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ "International tennis". ( Auckland Star Auckland, New Zealand) 59 (173): 7. 24 July 1928 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ Paul Dupuy, ed. (13 August 1929). "Boussus remporte son premier championnat" [Boussus gains his first championship title]. (Paris, France: Le Petit Parisien Press Group) Miroir des sports . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ ITF (2010). "2010 Davis Cup Media Guide" (PDF). cyprustennis.com. Nicosia, Cyprus: Cyprus Tennis Association . Retrieved 2012-09-15.
^ a b c "Participations c√©l√®bres" [Famous participants]. future-bagneres.a3w.fr (in French). Bagn√®res-de-Bigorre, France: Club de Bagn√®res-de-Bigorre . Retrieved 2012-09-15.
^ "Presentation". racingclubdefrance.net. Paris, France: Racing Club de France . Retrieved 2012-09-17.
^ Roger-Viollet (September 1941). "L'Appel du stade". Paris, France: parisenimages.fr . Retrieved 2012-09-17.
^ "Finale Coupe Davis Melbourne 2001". fft.fr. Paris, France: F√©d√©ration Fran√ßaise de Tennis. 2001 . Retrieved 2012-09-15.
^ Arthur Shakespeare, ed. (21 May 1953). "Rosewall wins in Paris". ( The Canberra Times Canberra, Australia: Federal Capital Press of Australia) 27 (8,028): 6.
^ Marie-H√©l√®ne Roukhadz√©. "Jean Borotra" (PDF). The Witnesses. Los Angeles, United States: LA84 Foundation. p.¬†684 . Retrieved 2012-09-17.
^ Fran√ßois Morini√®re, ed. (27 May 2009). "Santoro, record √©gal√©" [Santoro, ties record]. (Paris, France: √Čditions Philippe Amaury) L'√Čquipe 64 (20046): 12. ISSN¬† 0153-1069 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ "Boussus First in French Net". ( The Pittsburgh Press Pittsburgh, United States: Press Publishing Company) 51 (163): 26. 4 December 1934 . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ "Perry extended to beat Boussus". ( Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Pittsburgh, United States: Paul Block) 9 (263): 20. 1 June 1936. ISSN¬† 1068-624X . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ "Boussus rated at top; Regains First Place in French Tennis‚ÄĒDestremeau Second". (New York, United States: Ochs-Sulzberger family). 17 December 1937 The New York Times . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ "Moody, Perry Rated Tops By British Expert", Reading Eagle, 17 October 1935.
^ "China two down in Davis Cup". (Singapore, The Straits Times Straits Settlements: Straits Times Press) (14): 3. 19 May 1939 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ a b F. J. Perry (17 December 1934). "The quiet Boussus". (Sydney, Australia: John Fairfax and Sons) (30251): 5 The Sydney Morning Herald . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ Alexis Br√©zet, ed. (1 May 1936). "La mode rebondit aussi √† Roland-Garros" [Fashion revives too at the Roland-Garros]. (Paris, France: Le Figaro Dassault Group). ISSN¬† 0182-5852 . Retrieved 15 September 2012.
^ "Tennis Stars play in Auckland". ( Auckland Star Auckland, New Zealand) 65 (280): 8. 26 November 1934 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
^ Jeannine Mongin. "Mme Cellier Germaine" [Mrs. Germaine Cellier]. parfumeur-createur.com (in French). Versailles, France: Soci√©t√© Fran√ßaise des Parfumeurs (French Society of Parfume Makers) . Retrieved 2012-09-15.
^ K. Kamillom (1 August 1937). Alexis Br√©zet, ed. "Si J'√©tais entraineur de l'√©quipe de France" [If I was the coach of the French team]. (in French) (Paris, France: Le Figaro Dassault Group). ISSN¬† 0182-5852 . Retrieved 17 September 2012.
External links [ edit ]